Skip to main content
Internet Archive's 25th Anniversary Logo

Full text of "Stemmata Craufurdeania of the annals of the noble family of Crawford; interpolated with heraldic notes and pedigrees of the following families with whom this house is matrimonially allied; Blair, Douglas, Campbell, Keith, Montgomery, Paul, Wallace"

See other formats







3 1833 00674 5639 




s. ■ 



— OF — 

CDe Jlnnals of the Roble Familp 
of Craiofora.^ 

Jnterpolated with Heraldic Notes and PEDiGRfiji . 
OF THE Following Families with, whom this : 
House is Matrimonially Allied; 





igi'2. . 




Arms : (Craufurd of Craufurdland, County Ayr ; 

Midlothian, and descendants of Crawford lineage). 
Gules, a fess ermine. 
Crest : A marble pillar supporting a man's heart ppr. 
Motto : " Stant innixa Deo." 

The recent discovery in an old illuminated manuscript at the 
British Museum, in the Cotton Collection, of the Arms of 
Stephen, third Earl of Richmond, (gules a bend ermine), died 
1104, and their close similitude to the Coat borne by the 
Craufurds, coupled with other corroborative circumstances, 
has left absolutely no doubt that the old Earls of Richmond 
and the ancient houses of Craufurd, Crawfurd, and Crawford 
sprang from a common progenitor. 

The most remote ancestor of the Craufurds in Scotland was 
Reginald, fourth and youngest son of Alan, the fourth Earl 
of Richmond (d. 1146). He accompanied David I. to the 
North when that Prince entered his kingdom, followed, says 
Chalmers, " by a thousand Norman knights, whom he pro- 
vided for and established in his dominions for their civilization 
and protection." 

Reginald received extensive grants of land in Strath Cluyd, 
or Clydesdale, and while there resident adopted for his name 
■' Craufurd " being called after the name of his estate which 
was one of the largest baronies in Scotland and of some three 
or four hundred merk lands in extent. He may have been 
that sterling warrior whom tradition says was signalized at an 
engagement at the water of Cree, in Galloway, by discovering 
a ford which gave great advantage to his party. So, some 
tell us, he got the name of " Cree-ford " or Crawford. The 
writers are inclined to agree on this statement and associate 
with it the fact that in Gaelic " Craufurd " signifies " The 
passage of blood." 

John, the eldest of Reginald's two sons, established his 
residence at what subsequently became known as " John's 
Town," in the Parish of Craufurd, aud left issue — 

Galfredus de Craufurd, a man of great weight in his com- 
nmnity, who ranked with the Magnates Scotiae, and was a 
frequent witness to the State documents of King William the 
Lion. His son, Galfredus, died 1202, and left a son — 

John de Craufurd, who was buried at Melrose Abbey, 1248, 
and his estates divided between his two daughters. Of 
these daughters the elder married Archibald de Douglas, and 

was progenitrix of the renowned Earls of Douglas. At 
Douglas Church, Lanarkshire, there is a perfect and beautiful 
effigy of this lady, who is chiefly distinguished for the 
great additions she brought to the Crawford estates. Her 
sister, the younger daughter, married David de Lindsay, 
from whom descended the House of Landsay, Earls of 
Crawford. Few families in Scotland are more ancient than 
those of Lindsay and Crawford (anciently Craufoord and 
Craufurd^ Few are so royally allied as that of Lindsay, for 
they can boast of four direct inter-marriages with the families 
of reigning monachs. 1st — Sir William de Lindsay (d. 1200) 
married Marjory, grand-daughter of David L and sister of 
Malcolm IV. and William the Lion, King of England. 2nd— 
Sir William de Lindsay (d. 1283) married Ada, sister of John 
Balliol, King of Scotland. 3rd — Sir Alexander Lindsay (d. 
1382) married Egidia, sister of Robert IL, King of Scotland. 
4th— David Lindsay, first Earl of Crawford, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Robert IL and sister of Robert III. 

The elder house being noted as extinct, we now return to 
John, the second son of Reginald, the founder of the Craufurd 
family, and we find he had issue a son. Sir Reginald de 
Craufurd, a personage of great eminence, who married 
(circa 1200) the heiress of the extensive barony of Loudoun 
(Campbell) in Ayrshire, (which estate afterwards carried 
with it the title of Earl to its possessors) and became the First 
Vicecomes of Ayrshire. His son — 

Hugh de Craufurd, of Loudoun, Vicecomes de Ayr, had — 

Hugh de Craufurd (1221) of Loudoun, and left issue 
Margaret, who married Sir Malcolm Wallace of Ellersley, and 
was mother of the immortal patriot Sir William Wallace. 

Sir Reginald (son of Hugh), had Hugh, father of Reginald 
Craufurd, of Crosby, and those houses of this line who 
sometimes blazon their Arms with an augmentation of " two 
lances in saltire." do so to commemorate the exploits of this 
Reginald, at Bannokburn, and from whose three sons are 
descended the present distinguished houses. 

Reginald, the next laird, had Thomas, of Auchmames, father 
of Archibald, the father of Robert, killed at Flodden. 

James, the next laird, had Thomas, who married Marion, of 
the Hazlehead Montgomeries (Eglintoun) and had — 

John, the father of William Craufurd, of Auchmames. 

Patrick, the next laird, married a daughter of John Eraser, laird 
of Knock, and their son,William,had Patrick, father of WUIiam, 
of Auchmames, the father of Archibald, the sixteenth Baron 
and Chief of this family, after whom the successive Chieftains 
were : William, Archibald, Robert, Patrick, Moses and Robert. 

Another line of this family, now in residence at Craufurdland, 
descend from John Craufurd, third son of Reginald, last named 
above, the line being ; 

Sir Reginald (1296). 

John Craufurd, living temp. Alexander II. 

John Craufurd, of Craufurdland. 

James Craufurd, of Craufurdland, warrior under Wallace 
and great grandfather of — 

Sir William Craufurd, of Craufurdland, immediate ancester 
of the Craufurds of Craufurdland, a house that was for 
centuries associated with thechief events of Scottish history. 

John Crauford, killed at Flodden. 

Lt.-Col. John Walkinshaw Craufurd, who was succeeded in 
the representation of this house by his aunt and next heir. 

Elizabeth Craufurd, who married (June 3rd, 1744) John 
Houison, of Braehead, in Midlothian. 

Elizabeth Houison-Craufurd, of Braehead and Craufurd- 
land, married (1777) Rev. James Moodle, who assumed 
the name of Craufurd. 

Isabella, m. 1844, William, brother of Sir Alexander Keith. 
Craufurd, Crawford, and Crawfurd Seats. 
Crawford Priory, Co. Fife. Built by Lady Mary Lindsay 

Crawford, near the site of the ancient family stronghold of 

Struthers, very little of the remains of which ruined grandure 

are visible. 
KiLBURNiE Castle, Ayrshire. This fabric is now a ruin and 

consistsof two parts; thesquaretowet common inFeudal times 

with an addition or front of more modern style. It anciently 

was built by the powerful family of Barclay, who were settled 

there long before 1 149. The last of this family John Barclay 

(1470) died without heirs male, and the estate settled upon 

Malcolm Crawfurd of Greenock, a descendant of Craufurd 

of Loudoun, and immediate progenitor of the house of Blair 

of Blair, in Ayrshire. 

In listing the occupants and residences of the representative 
and present members of this house, divers methods of writing 
the surname will be noted. Little importance need be attached 
to this fact however, in view of all authorities agreeing that Sir 
Reginald de Craufurd was the common ancestor of the line. 
Craufurdland Castle and Braehead. Lt.-Col. Wm. Reginald 

Ann Bank House, Ayr. Sir Charles William Frederick 

Craufurd, 4th Baronet. 
Edinburgh. Hon. Donald Crawford. 
London. Sir Homewood Crawford ; Richard Frederick 

Crawford ; Lady Gertrude E. Crawford. 
Mount Randal, Belfast. Sir William Crawford. 
Holmwood,Claygate, Surrey. Com. Lawrence Hugh Crawford. 
Stonewold, Ballyshannon, Donegal. Robert Crawford, J. P. 
Thcrnwood, Uddingston, Glasgow. Hon. James Crawfurd. 
Brocksford Hall, Doveridge, Co. Derby. Charles William 

Jervis Crawfurd, J. P. 

Interpolated Hccounts 
of Di$titiaui$i)ea 

Families iDltD iDbotn 
tbis l>ouse is matri= 
tnoniallp Ulliea. 

Armorial bearings of the ancient and noble House 
of Blair, of Blair, County Ayr. 

Arms: Argent, on a saltire sable, nine mascles of 
the first. 

Crest : A stag lodged ppr. 

Motto : " Amo Probos." 

As anciently borne for the Earldom of Dundonald in 
the County of Ayr, by the Rt. Hon. Campbell Blair, 
Lord Cochrane : 

Arms : Argent, a chevron gules, between three boar's 
heads erased azure. 

Crest : A horse passant argent. 

Supporters : Two greyhounds argent, collared or and 
leashed gules. 

Motto : " Virtute et labore." 

The noble family of Cockrane hold the above named 
titles at this day, and bear the same arms, having for their 
ancestor Sir William (Blair) Cochrane (son of Alexander 
Blair, the son of John Blair of Blair), who, on his marriage 
with Elizabeth, sole daughter and heiress of Sir William 
Cochrane of Cochrane, took that surname according to the 
terms made in the settlement of his wife's estate, 1593. 

" Blair House," in the Parish of Dairy, Ayrshire, the 
famous and ancient seat of the Blair family, stands on a 
hard blue whin rock and has always been in the possession 
of a Blair. It was built by Roger de Blair, a nobleman 
married to Lady Mary Mure, an aunt of Robert the Second's 
Queen. Originally it consisted of a square tower con- 
structed of walls fourteen feet thick and arched at the 
lower parts. 


The surname " Campbell " is of ancient Scottish origin, however 
otherwise asserted by some writers. The Keeper of the Records 
of the noble family of Argyle (Campbell), Mr. Alexander Colvil 
and Neil McElwin, (who with his ancestors was for ages the 
"" Senesiones" or genealogist of the family), state that the name was 
anciently Oduibhne, from Mervie Moir or Merwin the Great. 

Oduibhne during his early life is recorded as having taken up 
a residence in Ireland where he was Captain or Chief of a body of 
fighting men, and settled in Scotland during the reign of King 
Goranus (A.D. 512). He is said to have married that King's daugh- 
ter and to have had issue Ferither Uor or Ferither Dun. 
From Oduibhue (according to many accounts which in the main 
agree) the name obtained two designations " Oduibhne " and " Siol 
DiARMUiD," the latter of these two was he who flourished about the 
time of Arthur, which reason gave rise to the theory of his being 
a son of King Arthur. The writers disagree upon the question of 
Diarmuid's wife. They say she was a great grand-child of Neil the 
Great, (commonly known as " Naoighealla " or " nine hostages,") 
whom he is recorded to have had in his custody at one time from 
several Spanish and British Princes with whom he had been at 
variance, one of the most famous of the Irish Kings. 

The first son of this union, Duibhne, married Murdac, daugh- 
ter of the Chief of the Murrays, and had issue Arthur, who 
had issue Ferither 011a. He had Duibhne Faltdearge, or Duina (red 
hair). In the next five generations the representatives were (in their 

F'erither Fionruadh (or whitish red) 

Duina Dearg (red) 


Doun (or " Duina the Brown ") 

Diarmuid Macduine 

The last-named had two sons, " Arthur with the Red Armour" 
and Duina the White Tooth. Arthur had three sons. Sir Paul 
Oduine, Knight of Lochew and the original possessor of that estate 
which yet remains with the family. 

The second son Duina, the While Tooth, had a son called 
Malcolm Oduibhne, who went to France, where he took as his 
second wife an heiress of the Norman family of Beauchamps (in the 
latin Campus bellus) by whom he had two sons, who changed their 
name to Campbell. Of these sons, the eldest Duonyfius, remained 
in France and is the recognised ancestor of the Campbells of that 
Republic. The other son came to Scotland as an officer in the army 
of the Conqueror, 1066 and settled in Argyleshire, where he married 
his cousin, Eva Oduin, the only daughter of Sir Paul Oduibhne, 
Chief of the Clan of that name. She being heiress of Lochow and 
he also having retained the name of Campbell (as did his successors) 
the whole Clan of Oduibhne, a few months thereafter assumed the 
name of Campbell. Archibald (brother of this Dionyfius), was 
succeeded by the famous " Colin the Bald," who married a niece of 
King Alexander I. His predecessor (in the second generation) was 
Gillespick Campbell (Lord of Lochow), known as Paul Inspuran, 
from being King's Treasurer. 

The Campbells ever were the most powerful of the Highland 
Clans, and formerly their chiefs mustered many thousands of 
fighting men, who were generally arrayed against the Stuart Family. 
By the Highlanders the " Clan Campbell " is called " Clan Duine." 
Their Chiefs have always been styled " Maccalean-Mohn," that is 
" Son of Colin the Great." No one can deny that the family 
rank among the bravest, most numerous and most ancient of all 
Scotland. As has been previously stated, their origin goes back to 
the beginning of the Fifth Century, when the family held possession 
of Lochow. It was about this time that Fergus H. restored the 
Monarchy of Scotland. It was 'toward the end of the Thirteenth 
Century that Colin the Great flourished. Colin was one of the 
Barons who were summoned to Norham Castle by Edward I. of 
England in the competition between Bruce and Baloil. History 
represents him to have been a very renowned and warlike chieftain, 
and that he was slain in a conflict with the Lord of Lorn. This 
fact kindled such a flame between the two families of Lochow and 
Lorn, as was not extinguished for many years thereafter, nor indeed 
so long as the male line of Lorn existed. The great Colin left issue 
two sons — Sir Neil, his successor, and Sir Donald, of Redhouse, 
who is the undoubted progenitor of all those families originally from 


If a long line of illustrious ancestors, distinguished by the 
highest title, the greatest achievements, and connected with the 
most august and noble families in Europe, can make any name 
remarkable and great, none can be more so than that of the family 
of Douglas. This family which has been honoured with alliances by 
marriage with the first rank of nobility in Scotland, England and 
France, even with crowned heads, having intermarried eleven times 
with the Royal House of Scotland and once with that of En'gland. 
Besides the honours conferred on them by their own sovereigns, 
they have been Dukes of Turenne, Counts of Longueville and 
Marshals of France. They were also highly distinguished by their 
virtue and merit as well as their titles and opulence. Hence we see 
them leading the van of the armies in Scotland ; supporting by 
their valour the kingdom and crown of France, tottering on the head 
of Charles Vn. by the bravery of the English; raising the seige of 
Dantzic, for which they had the highest honours conferred on 
them ; conquering the Saracens in Spain, with many other acts of 
military glory that have made this family renowned throughout the 

About the year 770, in the reign of Salvathius, King of the 
Scots, Donald Bane, of the Western Isles, having invaded Scotland 
and routed the royal army, a man of rank and figure came seasonably 
with his followers to the king's assistance. He renewed the battle 
and obtained a complete victory over the invader. The king being 
anxious to see the man who had done him such signal service, he 
was pointed out to him by his colour or complexion, in Gxlic 
language, " sholto du-glash," which signifies, behold that black or 
swarthy coloured man ; from which he obtained the name of Sholto 
the Douglas. The king rewarded his great services and gave him 
grants of large possessions in the Counties of Lanark, which were 
called Douglas. 

William de Douglas, declared by many antiquarians to be lineally 
■descended from Sholto, was created Dominus de Douglas, by King 
Malcolm Canmore in 1057, i^ine years before the Norman Conquest. 
His son. Sir John, dying about 1145 was succeeded by a son Sir 
William, whose son Archibald, was a man of vast estate and in great 
favour with Alexander II. Next followed William (died 1276) ; 
Hugh, who defeated Haco, King of Norway during the invasion of 
Scotland by that monarch ; William, called " William the Hardy," 
Governor of Berwick and James, Lord Douglas, called " The 

The latter was one of the most eminent heroes of his time, and 
laid the foundation of the future greatness of the House of Douglas. 
The Saxon families who fled from the exterminating sword of the 
Conqueror, with many of the Normans themselves, whom discontent 
and intestine broils had driven into exile, began to rise into eminence 
on the Scottish Borders. They brought with them the arts both of 
peace and war, unknown in Scotland, and among their descendants 
were soon numbered the most powerful border chiefs ; such during 
the reign of Alexander were, Patrick, Earl of March and Lord 
Souhs ; and such were also the powerful Comyns, who early 
acquired the principal sway upon the Scottish Marches in the civil 
wars between Bruce and Baliol. All these powerful chieftains 
having espoused the cause of Baliol their lands were forfeited and 
themselves exiled ; and upon their ruins was founded the formidable 
House of Douglas. The Borders from sea to sea were then at the 
devotion of a succession of mighty chiefs whose exorbitant power 
threatened to put a new dynasty upon the Scottish throne. This 
James was a constant adherent to King Robert Bruce. In June, 
1 314, he commanded the left wing of the Scottish army at the battle 
of Bannockburn. He was warden of the Marches or boundary 
between England and Scotland. He it was who undertook a 
journey to Jerusalem with King Robert's heart in conformity to a 
vow made by that monarch, in which service he fell ; for after having 
deposited the heart at the Holy Sepulchre, he joined the King of 
Arragon against the Infidels and was killed in Andulusia (1331) 
after having been thirteen times victorious against the Turks and 

Saracens. For his services he had added to his armorial bearings a 
man's heart (gules) ensigned with an imperial coronet (proper). His 
was the original grant and the first appearance of the heart and 
crown on the insignia of the Douglas family. 

His heir and brother Hugh, was succeeded by William, created 
Earl of Douglas, 1346. The second Earl, James, was that memor- 
able warrior who fell in the celebrated battle of Otterburn. " I die 
like my forefathers," said the expiring hero, " on the field of battle. 
Conceal my death, defend my standard and avenge my fall ; it is an 
old prophecy that a death man shall gain a field, and I hope it will 
be accomplished this night." 

The third Earl, Archibald, was succeeded by Archibald, who 
was a man of distinguished valour, and had the command of the 
Scotch forces sent to the assistance of France against the English, 
for which Charles VH. invested him with the Duchy of Turenne 
and made him Marshal of France. 

During the lifetime of William, the sixth Earl, the powerful 
house of Douglas had risen to a formidable height. Galloway, 
Annandale, and other extensive territories in Scotland, the Duchy of 
Turenne and Lordship of Longueville in France, rendered to the chief 
of the family revenues equivalent to those of the Scotch monarch. The 
young Earl, then but sixteen, possessed the impetuous spirit and 
haughtiness natural to his age and fortune ; his highest title, that of 
Turenne, emboldened the Douglas to regard himself us a foreign 
prince, independent of the laws of his country. The prudence of age 
might have induced a concealment of pomp and power from the fear 
of envy and danger ; but in the arrogance of youth William dis- 
played a constant train of 1,000 horse and a dazzling magnificence 
of his household. He would even create knights and hold courts in 
imitation of Parliaments. Crichton, the then Chancellor, was 
irritated at the insults offered to him by the power of Douglas and 
instead of bearing with the young Earl's insolence, in the hopes that 
a few years would infuse moderation and prudence into his conduct ; 
instead of secretly raising the King's influence with the Court of 

France, that the foreign titles and possessions might be withdrawn 
from the family, he resolved to destroy the Earl and his brother, 
which might perhaps have admitted of some apology had they been 
advanced to mature age, but when we consider the tender age of the 
offenders it must be pronounced unjust, murderous and tyrannical. 
By plausible invitations and flatteries, William, Earl of Douglas, 
his brother David and Malcolm Fleming were inveigled into the 
Castle of Edinburgh and, after an insidious entertainment and a 
brief and desultory trial, were beheaded. 

The Earldom of Douglas then fell to his uncle James, who left 
a turbulent successor in his son William, the eighth Earl. The 
unentailed estates of Galloway, Balvenic, Ormond and Annandale 
were inherited by Margaret, sister of the murdered Earl, who 
married William, thereby restoring the house of Douglas to all its 
power. Douglas soon procured a parliament to be held in which 
Crichton was denounced as a rebel and his estates forfeited. William 
was created Lieutenant-General of the Kingdom, and while holding 
that office for six years his heavy hand and sword were anything but 
popular to his followers. The King having taken a dislike to his 
tyrannical methods, William was stripped of his office, and disgusted 
at the loss of his power he passed to the jubilee at Rome with a 
gorgeous train of knights and attendants. He attempted to assassi- 
nate Crichton and entered into a confederation with several potent 
nobles in a mutual defence against every injury. The monarch, in 
order to avoid civil strife which would necessarily have followed 
this action, inveighled Douglas to Court at Stirling Castle on pre- 
tences that he had forgiven his past enormities. After supper the 
King, taking him into a secret chamber, where only some of the 
privy council and the guard were in attendance, mildly informed him 
that he had heard of his league and desired him to break such 
illegal engagements. Douglas proudly refused and upbraided the 
King with his procedures against him, which he asserted had forced 
him to form this confederacy. The sense of repeated insults con- 
spired, with the present personal affront, to kindle a flame of instan- 
taneous fury, and the monarch exclaimed, " If you will not break 
this league, by God I will," and drawing his dagger he stabbed 

Douglas. Sir Patrick, afterwards Lord Gray, then struck the Earl 
with a battle axe and the wound was instantly mortal. 

This happened February 13th, 1452. James, his brother, became 
ninth earl. He appears neither to have possessed the abilities nor the 
ambition of his ancestors ; he drew indeed, against his prince, the 
formidable sword of Douglas, but with a timid and hesitating hand. 
Procrastination ruined his cause, and he was deserted at Abercorn by 
the knight of Cadgow, Chief of the Hamiltons, and by his most 
active adherents, after they had iueffectually exhorted him to commit 
his fate to the issue of battle. The border chiefs, who longed for 
independence, showed little inclination to follow the declining fortunes 
of Douglas ; on the contrary, the most powerful clans engaged and 
defeated him at Arkinholme, in Annandale, when after a short 
residence in England he again endeavoured to gain a footing in his 
native country. The spoil of Douglas were liberally distributed 
amongst the conquerors and royal grants of his forfeited domain^ 
effectually interested them in excluding his return. An attempt on 
the East Borders, Percy and Douglas together was equally unsuccess- 
ful. The earl, grown old in exile, longed once more to see his native 
country, and vowed that on St. Margaret's Day he would deposit his 
offering on the high altar at Lochnaben. Accompanied by the 
banished Earl of Albany, with his usual ill fortune, he entered 
Scotland. The borders assembled to oppose him, and he suffered 
a final defeat at Barnswork, in Dumfriesshire. The aged earl was 
taken in the fight by a son of Kirkpatrick, of Closeburn, one of his old 
vassals. A grant of land had been offered for his person. " Carry 
me to the King," said Douglas to Kirkpatrick, " thou art well entitled 
to profit by my misfortunes, for thou wast true to me whilst I was 
true to myself." The young man wept bitterly and offered to fly 
with the earl into England ; but Douglas, weary of exile, refused his 
proffered liberty and only requested that Kirkpatrick would not 
deliver him to the king till he had secured his own reward. Kirk- 
patrick did more, he stipulated for the personal safety of his old 
master ; his generous intercession prevailed, and the last of the 
Douglas was permitted to die in monastic seclusion in the Abbey of 
Lindores. After the fall of the House of Douglas, no one chieftain 

appears to have enjoyed the same extensive supremacy over the 
Scottish Borders. 

George Douglas, first Earl of Angus and the only son of 
William, first Earl of Douglas, by Margaret, his wife, daughter and 
heiress of Thomas Stuart, Earl of Angus, dying in the year 1402, 
left issue a son William, whose son James was the father of 
George, the fourth Earl, who in 1449 had chief command of the 
king's forces during the rebellion at that time. His son Archibald 
was one of the leaders against his Sovereign, James III., in 1488, 
at the fatal Battle of Flodden. 

The sixth earl, Archibald, called " Archibald Bell, the cat," 
made a conspicuous figure in the history of Scotland. He was at 
once Warden of the East and Middle Marches, Lord of Leddesdale 
and Tedwood Forests, and possessed oi the strong castles of Douglas, 
Hermitage and Tantallon. In 1514, Margaret Tudor, widow of 
James IV., suddenly married the earl to the surprise and astonish- 
ment of the royal houses of Europe. This precipitate step was 
ruinous to her ambition, as, of itself, by the royal will, and by the 
law of the country, it terminated her regency. In the progress of 
time, however, various incidents contributed to restore her power, 
and she continued to attract great attention by the splendour of her 
birth and former station, by the art of her intrigues and by the 
boldness of her talents. The nobility of Scotland were, at this 
period, little remarkable for those abilities that depend on learning 
and the earl was, perhaps, the most uninformed and unfit for his 
dangerous elevation : for his royal marriage prompted him to assume 
much of the vacant government, and the Queen's fondness seconded 
his ambition. Experience and mature years displayed him in a 
different light, but at this time his years and his instruction partook 
of puerility. A birth distinguished by an ancestry of heroes, opulent 
possessions and potent vassalry, above all a person blooming with 
youth and elegance, transported the woman, while they ruined the 
Queen ; and bitter and speedy was the repentance, for history has 
surrounded them both with notorious amours, and after seven years 
of inquietude a divorce was at length to divide the union. 

The ninth earl, Sir Wilham Douglas, was succeeded by his son 
William, who joined in conspiracy with the Catholic party in favour 
-of Spain, and was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle. He escaped to 
the mountains, and later fled to France, where he died a monk, 
leaving William, father of James, who succeeded his grandfather as 
the second Marquis of Douglas. It was at this period that the family 
of Hamilton, who were the next collateral heirs, disputed the succes- 
sion, and the Court of Session having determined in Hamilton's 
favour, an appeal was made to the House of Peers, when the judg- 
ment of the Scotch Courts was reversed in January 1769. This 
-cause made a noise all over Europe, and it was certainly one of the 
most extraordinary and intricate that ever was litigated. 

In the Marquis of Queensberry's family we have a branch of the 
great and noble house of Douglas ; the first of the line being Sir 
William Douglas, Baron Drumlanrig, son of James, the second earl, 
who fell so bravely at the Battle of Otterbiirn in 1383. From him, 
and eighth in line of direct descent, we find Sir William Douglas, of 
Drumlanrig, a great favourite of both James VI. and Charles I. The 
latter prince raised William to the honour of the Peerage as Viscouni 
Drumlanrig and Earl of Queensbury on June 13th, 1633. His grand- 
son, William, third Earl of Queensberry, was Justice-General ot 
Scotland from 1680 to 1682, Marquis of Queensberry, Earl of Drum- 
lanrig and Sanquhar, Viscount of Nith, Torthorwald and Ross, Lord 
Douglas of Kinmouth, Middlebie, and Dornoch. In April 1862, he 
obtained a royal warrant for himself and heirs for ever of the double 
treasure in his armorial bearings as it is blazoned in the royal 
achievements, and on November 3rd, 1684, was created Duke of 
Queensberry, to him and the heirs male of his body. This branch of 
the Douglas family are contended by Americans of the name to have 
been represented in the American colonies. While it is a matter of 
general knowledge that Lord Sholto George Douglas married an 
American lady. Miss Loretta Mooney, in 1895, yet the connecting 
link between the American pioneers of the name and the illustrious 
English branch has never been definitely ascertained. It is a fact 
that the first Douglas in America was one William, who in 1623 

resided at Elizabeth City, Virginia. That he was a man of great 
talent and learning is undisputed, as was also one Hugh Douglas, 
who a few years later (October 24th, 1635) sailed in the Constance 
from London for the Virginia Colony. 

A few years later (1640) Deacon William Douglas settled with 
his wife and two children at Gloucester, founding the New England 
branch, and is probably contemporaneous with William, of Elizabeth 

The historian and biographer of the family, the Rt. Hon. Sir 
Herbert E. Douglas, does not touch on the American question in any 
manner whatsoever. 

Arms: Quarterly ist and 4th, arg. a human heart gu. ensigned 
with an imperial crown ppr., on a chief az. three stars of 
the field, Douglas. 2nd and 3rd az. a bend between six 
cross-crosslets fitchee or, Mar; all within a bordure or 
charged with the royal treasure of Scotland gu. 

Crest : A human heart gu. ensigned with an imperial crown 
between two wings displayed or. 

Supporters : Two pegasi arg. 

Motto : " Forward." 


Arms : — Argent, on a chief gules, three pallets or. 

Crest : — A hart's head erased ppr, armed with ten tynes or. 

Supporters : — Two harts ppr, attired as in the crest. 

Motto ;— " Veritas Vincit." (Truth Prevails.) 

Explanation of Terms : — " Chief "—a band which fills 
the top of shield. " Palets " — plain bands, running vertically. 
" Erased "— torn in a jagged line and being the opposite of 
" couped " or cut straight. 

These are the Armorial Bearings of the great and noble 
House of Keith, Earls Marischals of Scotland, and one of 
the most warring families known in the history of that 
Kingdom. The Rt. Hon. Robert Keith brought much 
honour to the name as Ambassador (1769) to the Courts of 
Vienna and St. Petersburg. His arms are quartered 
with Murray, as are those of Falconer (Earl of Kintore, 
quartered with Keith). Field-Marshall General Sir James 
Keith, (son of the ninth Earl Marischal) is known throughout 
all history for his brilliant campaigns under Frederick the 


Keith Hall, Inverness and Inglismaldie, Laurencekirk. 
The Rt. Hon. Algernon Hawkins Thomond Keith-Falconer, 
Earl of Kintore. 

Brennanstown House, Cabinteely, Co. Dublin. Frances 
May Olga de Longueil Keith. 


French antiquarians tell us that over forty different incursions 
were made into that country by various bands of Northmen, the 
most important of which, under the command of Rollo the Dane, 
resulted in the permanent occupation of a large province which was 
subsequently called Normandy. This alliance with romantic 
France brought the Northmen fully under the influence of French 
language, law, and custom, and made them the foremost Apostles 
alike of French chivalry and Latin Christianity. There sprang from 
these warring people one Robert de Mundegumbri, ancester of the 
noble House of Montgomerie (1160). The Montgomeries bore for 
arms : Azure, three fleurs-de-lis, or., as appears by the family seals 
affixed to various charters and deeds of date circa, 1176. Previous 
to that period the de Mundegumbri used a single fleur-de-lis, not, 
however, placed upon a shield. (Herald and Genealogist, Vol. iv. 
p. 16.) About four centuries after that period (1542) the first 
Scottish armorial in existence was prepared under the superintendence 
of Sir David Lindsay, of the Mount. 

That Irish branches of the family are lineally descended from 
the great house of the name is unquestioned, prima facie evidence of 
which would be the various grants of arms which have from time to 
time been made. Foremost of these is the grant to Sir Henry 
Conyngham Montgomery (Baronet, of the Hall, Donegal, Oct. 3rd, 
1808), technically described as follows : — 

Arms : Quarterly, xst and 4th, az. three fleur-de-lis or, 2nd and 
3rd gu. three annulets or, gemmed az. 

Crest : A dexter arm, in armour, embowed, the hand holding a 
broken spear, all ppr. 

Motto : " Gardez bien." 

This family also used a crest which showed a dexter arm, in 
armour, erect, the hand holding a dagger, all ppr. The same crest 
was granted to Montgomery, Baronet, of Magbie Hill, Peebleshire, 
May 29th, 1774 (Berry Encyclopaedia Heraldica, Vol. ii.), and in- 
cludes, for arms, those originally borne by the Earls of Eglintoun 
and Winton, viz : — 

Quarterly, ist and 4th, three fleurs-de-lis or (for Montgomerie), 
and 2nd and 3rd, gu. three annulets or, stoned az. (for 

Other prominent landed families claiming descent from the 
House of Montgomerie are those of Ballydrain and Benvarden 
(County Antrim) and the Grey Abbey branch. Some of the 

pedigrees put forward by these families have been ridiculed by 
modern writers, not without good reason, for Cromwell, in the cam- 
paign of 1 651, destroyed practically all the wills and leases and other 
documentary evidence held in the various diocesan registries. No 
such data can be found in the Montgomery strongholds previous to 
about 1730, and the modern seeker of connective pedigrees must 
search through other and more laborous channels. The Rt. Rev. 
Henry Hutchinson Montgomery, Bishop of Tasmania, prepared a 
brief personal memoir or genealogical table, only to stop at this 
point. This memoir appears in Burke's Colonial Families, sets 
forth the fact that his Killaghter estates, were formerly held by 
Catherine Montgomery, under the Bishop of Raphoe, County 
Donegal (about 1700), and continues as follows : — 

John Montgomery (most remote ancestor), of Killaghter, said to 
be of the Lainshaw family, died after 1722, and was father of 

David Mongomery, of Killaghter (will dated April 20th, 173^), 
who married Mary, sister of Rev. Samuel Law, of Cumber, County 
Derry, and has issue five sons and one daughter. 

I. James. 2. Samuel. 3. John. 4. Michael. 5. Alexander 
and Sarah (married Crawford). 

Of these the eldest, James, died unmarried, and was succeeded 
by his brother Samuel, who was a merchant in Londonderry and 
Chamberlain of the City. He married Anne, daughter of Marino 
Porter, Sur\-eyor of Greencastle (by Mary Cary, his wife, who, with 
her husband, is buried at Moville), and had issue four sons and four 
daughters, all of whom died young except Anne (who married Arthur 
Newburgh), and Samuel Law, the youngest son, of whom more 
presently. Mr. Samuel Montgomery purchased the estate of 
Ballynilly, on which the town of Moville is now built, and died 
August 2oth, 1803. He was buried at Londonderry, and was suc- 
ceeded by his youngest son. 

Rev. Samuel Law Montgomery, rector of Lech Patrick and 
Moville {County Donegal) and Vicar-General ot Donegal, LL.B. 
(T.C.D. 1801) married Susan Maria, daughter of James McClintock 
Alexander, and died 1S32. His successor. 

Sir Robert Montgomery (second son), G. C.S.I (1866), K.C.B. 
(1859), LL.D. of Newpark, Moville, County Donegal, and of 7, 
Cornwall Gardens, Queen's Gate, London, a member of the Council 
of India and Lieutenant Governor of the Punjaub from 1859 to 
1865 (born 1809, died Dec. 28th, 1887) married 1st (1834) Frances 
Mary (died 1842) daughter of the Rev. James Thomason, and 2nd 
(May 2nd, 1S45), Ellen Jane, second daughter of William Lambert, 
B.C.S. (died i860), of Woodmanstone, County Surrey, by Mary 
Anne, his wife (who died 1874), and by her (who resided at 5, Rosary 
Gardens, South Kensington, London), had issue: — 

1. Arthur Samuel Law (died unmarried, 1865). 

2. Henry Hutchinson (Rt. Rev. D.D., M.A. Cambridge), Bishop 
of Tasmania, of Bishopscourt, Hobart, Tasmania ; a member of the 
Council of the University of Tasmania; born October 3rd, 1847 ; 
married (July 28th, 1881), Maud, third daughter of Ven. Frederick 
William Farrar, D.D., F.R.S., Archdeacon of Westminster and 
Chaplain in Ordinary to the Queen, and had issue : 

A. Harold Robert, born May 8th, 1884. 

B. Donald Stanley, born Ma)' 2nd, i885. 

c. Bernard Lav>', born November 17th, 1887. 
D. Una, born May 12, 1889. 

3. James Alexander Lawrence, Major, Bengal Staff Corps, 
married (ist) Jessie Alice, daughter of Sir Thomas Douglas 
Forsyth, K.C.S.L, C.B., Commissioner of the Fyzabad Division, 
Bengal, by whom he had two daughters, Helen, born Oct. 4th, 1876, 
and Winifred Ethel, born Oct. 23rd, 1878 ; (2nd) Kate, eldest 
daughter of Colonel Millar, and by her had : 

A. Alan Douglas, born Oct. 28th, 1887. 

B. Muriel Frances, born April 4th, 1883. 
c. Lucy Marguerite, born July 23rd. 1884. 

4. Ferguson John (Rev.) B.A. of Sialkote, Punjaub, India, and 
former of Swanmore, Bishop Waltham, Hants ; born July 17th, 
1852, married June 25th 1879, Ethel Elmina, youngest daughter of 
Henry Thomas Raikes, of the Bengal Civil Service, and had issue 
two sons and one daughter : 

A. Hugh Ferguson, born May 8th, 1880. 

B. Neville, born August 8th, 1885. 

c. Hilda Pauline, born Jan. 25th, 1889. 

5. Lucy, married Rev. Roger William Hammond Dalison. M.A., 
of Stone, Dartford, County Kent. 

William Montgomery, in his valued collection of " Montgomery 
Manuscripts " relating to the branch in Ireland, discusses at great 
length the various relationships with the main stem of this great 
Scottish House. There were, however, a number who came over 
into Ireland and received grants of denization in 1617. These 
settlers or gentlemen farmers were : — 

John Montgomery, of Ballinacross, 

Robert and William Montgomery, of Donoghdie, 

Thomas Montgomery, of Knockfergus, 

John Montgomery, of Redene, 

Matthew Montgomery, of Donoghdie, 

Robert Montgomery, of Moneyglasse (now Glass Moor). 

John Montgomery, of Ballymagorrie. 

(Calendar Patent Rolls, James I., pp. 326, 339). 

The Rev. George Hill, of Belfast, edited one edition of these 
manuscripts. Messrs. Archer and Company, the publishers, have 
interpolated a hand-written statement in the first volume (which 
is in the British Museum) to the effect that the second volume was 
not published owing to the lack of interest in the work. 

Mr. William M. Montgomery (of Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.A.) is 
lineally descended from the branch of Killead Parish, County 
Antrim. Concerning this line the author of the " Montgomery 
Manuscripts" tells us : — 

" Since 1692 divers other Montgomerys came out of Scotland 
and took farms in Ireland of whom I can give no account. One 
such family has been long known in the Parish of Killead, County 
of Antrim." (The Montgomery M.S.S., dited by Rev. George 
Hall, p. 396). 

Mr. Hall, in a brief note, continues, " The late Rev. Henry 
Montgomery, LL.D., of Dunmurry, a member 0/ this family, was one of 
the most talented of the many remarkable men who bore this surname." 
In view of the fact that the Rev. Henry Montgomery descends from 
a cadet branch of the House of Hazlehead, in Ayrshire, the relation- 
ship of the Killead branch with the noble House of Montgomery 
is apparent. 

Burke, in his Landed Gentry (Beaulieu, Vol. ii.), states that 
" Rev. Alexander Montgomery, of the House of Hazlehead, in Ayr- 
shire, who first settled in Ireland, came at the invitation of his 
cousin. Viscount Montgomery, and was Prebendary of Doe (County 
Donegal). By his wife, Margaret, daughter of Very Rev. Alexander 
Conyngham, Dean of Raphoe, he had two sons John and William. 
The eldest son, John, a major in the army, died 1679," etcetera. 
While this pedigree lacks some important features its authenticity is 
universally admitted ; not so, however, the connective genealogical 
tables put forth by the Grey Abbey branch (see Herald and 
Genealogist, Vol. iv. and Vol. ii.) 

The Rev. Henry Montgomery was founder of the remonstrant 
synod of Ulster, fifth son of Archibald Montgomery, and was born at 
Boltnaconnel House, in the Parish of Killead, County Antrim. He 
preached at Dunmurry (formerly known as Downmanvoy), County 
Antrim, four miles from Belfast. Here he married (April 6th, 1812) 
Elizabeth, fourth daughter of Hugh Swan, of Summerhill, County 

Antrim, and left issue ten children. On his death at Glebe, Dun- 
murry (Dec i8th, 1865), biographers proclaimed him to the skies as 
a person of commanding stature, of handsome presence and fas- 
cinating manners." John Prescott Knight painted his portrait in 
1835, but its whereabouts is unknown. Another famous portrait, 
that of Sir John Montgomery, Royal Governer of New York (1728), 
has been missing for more than a century. 

Certain members of the landed gentry of County Antrim claim 
descent from the Montgomerys of County Fermanagh. The genuine- 
ness of such claim is apparent in view of the recognised settlement 
at Derrybruck (County Fermanagh) of Braidstane branches of the 
Norman and Scotch House of Montgomerie during the sixteenth 

Returning to the Benvarden branch, we find their progenitor to 
be a Robert Montgomery, of Glenarm. He was born October 13th, 
171 1, and married (July 8th, 1742) Margaret, daughter of John Alen, 
of Kilmandel, and had issue by her :— 

1. John, his heir, 

2. Hugh, of Ballydrain, County Antrim, married Emily, 

daughter of John Ferguson, of Belfast, and left issue six 
sons and one daughter. One of these sons, Thomas, was 
High Sheriff of County Antrim. 

3. Alexander, of Potters Walls, County Antrim. 

4. Thomas, of Birch Hill, County Antrim, J. P. 

5. Barbara. 6. Isabella. 7. Marian. 8. Victoria. 

John was succeeded by his eldest son, John, of Benvarden, J. P. 
and D.L., born Dec. 24th, 1790; married March 5th, 1819, Jane, 
daughter of Sir Andrew Ferguson, Baronet, and had : — 

J. Robert James, his heir. 

2. Barbara Anne, married Dec. 27th, 1876, Very Rev. Andrew 

Ferguson Smyly, Dean of Derry. 

3. Isabella Dorathea. 

Robert died December 7th, 1876, and was succeeded by his 
only son, Robert James Montgomery, of Benvarden. 

We have in the forgoing set forth a general review covering the 
connection of the Irish branches of Montgomery with the noble 
house of the name. The family, who, as Earls of Eglintoun, have 
long acted a splendid part in Ayrshire, originally settled in Renfrew 
from Shropshire under holdings as vassals of Walter, the son of 
Alan, the first of the Stewarts, who owed their origin to the same 

The Eglintoun pedigrees have been traced (Burke's Royal 
Families) from the sixth Earl to Edward I. of England ; the wife of 
the Earl, Lady Anne Livingston, being eleventh'in direct line of 
descent from that monarch. 

The Manor of Eaglesham (Renfrewshire) was originally granted 
by David L to the first of the Stewarts. Robert de Mundegumbri, who 
had accompanied him into Scotland, subsequently became possessed 
of these estates, his first possession, and for two centuries the chief 
seat of the family of Montgomerie. It was not until the reign of 
James IL that the family obtained the Peerage by the title of Lord 
Montgomery, and the higher dignity of Earl of Eglintoun in 1507. 
Eaglesham acquired its name from the village where the church now 
stands, and the appellation of the village is derived from the Celtic 
eaghs, signifying a church, to which has been added the Saxon term 
for a hamlet. Thus Eaglis-ham signifies the church hamlet. The 
patronage of the Church of Eaglesham has always been connected 
with the manor, and it still remains with the family. In 1429 the 
parish Church of Eaglesham was constituted a prebend of the 
Cathedral Church of Glasgow by Bishop Cameron, with consent of 
the patron. Sir Alexander Montgomery of Eaglesham. The chief 
messuage of the barony was the Castle of Polnoon, which stood on 
the bank of a rivulet of the same name, about three-quarters of a 
mile south-east from the church. It has long been a complete ruin, 
and only part of the walls remain standing. 

The name of Ayrshire is derived from the appellation of the 
shire town, and the town was so called from the very ancient Celtic 
name of the river Ayr, on the banks of which the shire town is 
situated. Ayrshire lies along the Firth of Clyde, which washes its 
western shore from Kelly-burn on the north, to Galloway-burn, which 
enters Loch Ryan on the south, for an extent of more than seventy 
miles. It is bounded on the north and north-east by the County of 
Renfrew, on the East by the Counties of Lanark and Dumfries, by 
the stewarty of Kirkcudbright on the south-east, and on the south 
by Wigtonshire. It covers about 1,040 square miles. The 
parish itself (Ayr) contains 7,139 acres, which in 1886 were valued 
at ;^i3,96i OS. 9d. 


George Arnulph Montgomerie, Earl of Eglintoun (1507, s.). 
Baron Montgomerie (1448, s.). Earl of Winton (1859, U.K.), Baron 
Androssan (i8o5, U.K.), Hereditary Sheriff of Renfrew, Lord-Lieut. 
of Ayrshire, succeeded his brother as 15th Earl, August 30th, 1892, 
was born Feb. 23rd, 1848. 

Arms: — (Original matric. 1797. Re-matric. 1904.) 

1st and 4th grand quarters, quarterly ist and 3rd, azure, 
three fleurs-de-lis or. (Montgomerie) ; and and 3rd, gu. three 

annulets or, stoned azure (Eglintoun), all within a border 
or, charged with a double tressure flory and counterflory 
gules ; 2nd and 3rd, grand quarters, quarterly ist and 3rd, 
or. three crescents with a double tressure flory counterflory 
gules (Seton) ; 2nd and 3rd, azure, three garbs or. (Buchan), 
over all, on an escutcheon parted in pale proper, two 
swords in saltire, pommelled and hilted or, supporting an 
imperial crown, the sinister charged with a star of twelve 
points argent, all within a double tressure flory counter- 
flory or. 

Crest : A female figure (representing Hope) ppr. attired azure, 
holding in her dexter hand an anchor or. and in her sinister 
by the hair a human head ppr. 

Supporters : Two wyverns emitting flames ppr. 

Motto : " Gardez bien." 

Mantling gules, doubled ermine. 

Seats : Eglinton Castle, Irvine, Ayrshire ; Skelmorlie Castle, 
the Pavillion, Ardrossan, and Largs, N.B. 

The Montgomery Manuscripts, by W. Montgomery. Belfast, 

The Montgomery Manuscripts, edited by Rev. George Hall. 
Belfast, 1869. 

Parliamentary Memoirs of Fermanagh, by the Earl of Belmore. 

George Robertson's Description of Cunninghame, 77, 205, 248, 
281-5, 318, 398. 

Shirley's History of the County of Monaghan, 234. 

The Gresleys of Drakelowe, by F. Madan, 271. 

Tierney's History of Arundel, 141. 

History of the House of Arundel, Albini, Fitzalan and Howard, 
by John Pym Yeatman. London, 1882. 

The Ulster Journal of Archaeology, ix. 156, 2^8. 

Jewett's Reliquary, xv. 7. 

The Palatine Note Book, i. 185. 

Notes and Queries, 2 S. i. 293, 400 ; ii. 133 ; 4 S- i. 4. 

Cliff"ord's Description of Tixall, 109. 

J. G. Reid's History of the County of Bute, 216-228. 

Howard's Visitation of Ireland, ii. 25, 98. 

A Genealogical History of the Family of Montgomery, by E. 
G. S. Reilly, 1842. 

Memorials of the Montgomeries, Earls of Eglinton. By Wm. 
Fraser. Edinburgh, 1859, 2 Vols. 

Genealogy of the Montgomeries of Smithton, by Sir Robert 
Douglas, Bart. Windsor, 1795, 8 Vols. 

A genealogical account of the family of Montgomerie, by Wm. 
Anderson. Edinburgh, 1859. 

Montgomerie Genealogy, by F. O. Montgomery (U.S.A.) 

Historical Memoir of the Family of Eglinton and Winton, by 
John Fullarton. Androssan, 1864, 8 Vols. 

Case of A. W. Montgomerie, Earl of Eglinton. 

Paterson's History of the County of Ayr, i. 230, 279-292 ; ii. 
100, 229, 309, 367, 452. 

Paterson's History of Ayr and Wigton, i. 314 ; ii. 274, 399 ; iii. 
71, 86, 98, 173, 213, 275, 278, 491, 533, 594. 

Wood's Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, i. 490. 

Douglas's Baronage of Scotland, 525. 

Harliean Society, ix. 2, 3, ■:qi ; xiv. 560 ; xx. 7 ; xxix. 363. 

Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, ii. 168 ; New Series, ii. 74. 

Brydge's Collins' Peerage, ix. 283. 

Burke's Extinct Baronetcies. 

Burke's Commoners, ii. 594 ; (Grey Abbey), iv. 186. 

Burke's Landed Gentry, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 ; (of Killee) 8 ; (of 
Milton) Landed Gentry, 2 Supp., 3 ; (of Benvarden) 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ; 
(of Belhavel) 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ; (of Garboldisham) 4 Supp., 5, 6, 7, 8 ; 
(of Annick Lodge) 2,3, 4 ; (of Blessingbourne) 6, 7, 8 ; (of Convoy 
House) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ; (of Crilly House) 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ; (of 
Beaulieu) 5, 6, and Supp., 7, 8. 

Burke's Vis. of Seats and Arms, Second Series, i. 36. 

The Curio (New York), i. 55. 

(Montgomeries of Scotch-Irish descent have married into the 
Philips family of Bank Hall. Their genealogy, carefully preserved, 
has been published by an American descendant, and is undoubtedly 
to be found at the Congressional Library, Washington, D.C. 
Henry, of Philadelphia, Pa., born Jan. 8th, 1767, married a 
daughter of the Hon. Mr. Justice Chew, of the Philadelphia Court 
of Appeals). 



The family take their origin from local places of the name in 
Yorkshire. One Baronet of the family has seats at Paulville, 
Carlow, Waterford, Tinoran, Wicklow and Ballyglan (Ireland) ; his 
ancestors being : i ^fi'iQ'J-l 

Jeffrey Paul, of Ballyraggan (Co. Carlow); son of Joshua Paul, 
of Rathmore (same county), youngest son of Joshua Paul, presumably 
of Paulsworth, Durham, and an oflicer who served under Cromwell 
in Ireland. Many times a Member of Parliament for County 
Carlow, he married (1708) Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Christmas, 
Esq., M.P., of Waterford. 

He left issue Christmas Paul (also an M.P. for Waterford, and 
who married Ellen, daughter of Robert Carew, M.P., of Bally- 
namona (Waterford) and representative of the family at that 

He left, with other issue, two sons, the first of whom, Sir 
Joshua, was created a baronet, and the second, Robert, who was of 
John's Hill (Waterford), represented both as Commissioner in 
Bankruptcy and Chairman of Sessions. 

The creation of this Baronetcy dates from January 20th, 1794, 
the first of the line marrying (1771) Sarah, daughter of William 
Gun, Esq., of Kilmaney (Kerry), and leaving four sons and three 

The Second Baronet — Sir Joshua Christmas Paul. 

The Third Baronet — Sir Robert Joshua Paul, 

The Fourth Baronet — Sir William Joshua Paul. 

During the sixteenth century there Uved at Frampton-on-Severn, 
the Rev. Nicholas Paul, vicar at that place and progenitor of another 
distinguished branch of this family. His son, Rev. Onesiphorous 
Paul (Vicar of Warnborough, Wilts), left issue Nicholas Paul of 
Woodchester (Gloucestershire.) 

The son of Nicholas left issue Sir Onesiphorous Paul, of Rod- 
borough (Co. Gloucestershire), who was the first of the Baronets of 
this line. (Creation September 3rd, 1762). After his decease, his 
only son took by Royal License the additional name of George. 

A later creation from another branch of this same family was 
that of Sir John Dean Paul (Creation September 3rd, 182 1). He 
v/as succeeded by Sir John Dean Paul (Second Baronet). 

The Third Baronet — Sir Aubrey John Dean Paul. 

The Fourth Baronet — Sir Edward John Dean Paul. 

The Fifth Baronet — Sir Aubrey Henry Edward Dean Paul. 

William Bond Paul (born Feb. 17th, 1817), son of Thomas 
Paul, Esq., of Langport (Somerset) ; married (May ist, 1849) 
Harriet, daughter of Edward Pierce, of New Park, (Devon). 

Family Livery : Black, trimmings in gold lace, gilt buttons. 


William Paul, born in Scotland 1624, to Dighton, Mass., 1670. 
William Paul, among the first settlers at Taunton, Mass., and 
so appearing in local records of 1635-36. 


Paul : — (Norfolk and Lambeth, Surrey.) 
Akms : Arg. two bars az. a canton sa. 

Crest : A trunk of a tree, raguly, lying fesse wise, sprigged 
and leaved vert, a bird, close arg. Another Crest, a 
garb, vert, banded arg.) 

Paul : — (Kings' Stanley, Gloucestershire.) 

Arms: Arg. on a fesse az., three cross crosslets or. 

Paul : — (Granted to Robert Paul, of St. Andrew's, Holborn, 

Arms: A lion ramp, doubled queued, ducally crowned, 
brandishing in his dexter paw, a falchion, all gu. 

Crest: An elephant arg., on his back a castle gu., tied 
under his belly, on the point of his trunk a falchion, 
erect, of the last. 

Paule : — (Yorkshire.) 

Arms : Arg. on a fesse az., three cross crosslets or. 


Paul: — (Woodchester, Gloucestershire, 1761.) 

Arms : Arg. on a fesse az., three cross crosslets or, in base 
three ermine spots. 

Crest : A leopard's head. err. ppr. 

Motto : " Pro rege et republica." 

Paul : — (Paulville, Co. Carlow.) 

Arms: Az. a sword erect arg. between four crosses, patee- 
fitchee of the second. 

Crest : A cross patee-fitchee or. between two swords in 
saltire arg. 

Motto : " Vana spes vitse." 


Of the more prominent families of the Paul line we find that Sir 
Onesiphorius Paul, Baronet, was probably the largest wooden 
manufacturer of his time (Woodchester, 1750). He was Sheriff of 
Gloucestershire (1760), had the honour to entertain Frederick, then 
Prince of Wales, and was knighted at St. James', when, on December 
17th, 1760, he presented an address to the King. The branch at 
Paulville (arms described herein) possess more than 3,000 acres of 
land in County Wicklow, about 1,500 in County Carlow, 800 in 
Kerry, and 200 in Waterford (approximately). 

William Paul — This American progenitor, to whom we have 
referred, left a very numerous issue, and it is to him that most of the 
American families of the name trace origin. He married Mary, 
daughter of John Richardson, leaving issue at least six children, the 
majority of whom married and left issue. One of his sons (William 
of Taunton) was father of Benjamin (of Berkeley, Mass.), the father 
of William, of the same place. The latter's grandson, Jeremiah 
Paul, resided at both Taunton and Woodstock (Vt.), where his 
descendants remember him as deacon of the Congregational Church. 
The son of Jeremiah, Bela Paul, Esq., of Windsor (Vt.), was born at 
Taunton, and left issue Mary Stiles Paul. His wife, Mary, daughter 
of Eliphalet and Elizabeth Stiles Briggs, was the great grand- 
daughter of Eliphalet Briggs, a member of the Committee of Safety 
(1776) and also a direct descendant of Jeremiah Stiles, commander 
of a company at Bunker Hill, James (great-grandson of William 
Paul, of Taunton) was born at Dighton (Mass.), April 25th, 1768, 
served in the war of 18 12, and left issue several descendants, who 
are connected by marriage with the following families : — Gregory, 
Codeby, Stockman, Pearson, Howard and Young. One descendant, 
Hon. George Howard Paul, was formerly a State Senator for 
Wisconsin, and Vice-President of the American Spelling Reform 

We have endeavoured herein to briefly outline the history and 
genealogy of the family from an heraldic standpoint. Additional 
facts may be had by referring to local references or books on the 




The origin of the surname " Wallace " is identical with that 
of " Walleys " and " Wallis " of English family nomenclature. 
It was anciently a personal name, being borne by Galgacus, 
the celebrated Caledonian Chief who opposed the arms of 
Agricola, and has been identified by Baxter with " Gwallog," 
a British name, which suggests the original form of the 
modern Wallace. 

From various authors we learn that the noble family of 
Wallace took their descent from a cadet of the Craigie-Wallace 
line at Ayrshire, and according to the manor rolls of Wallace 
which were reviewed by Hutchinson in his history of Cum- 
berland, the pedigree is continued down through the posterity 
of Alexander, second son of John Wallace of Craigie, whose 
descendants settled (about 1500) upon the Eastern border 
of England. At Newcastle-on-Tyne stands the Church of St. 
Nicholas, famous in Wallace annuls, and here, on the East 
wall of St. Mary's porch, are graven in stone the Wallace 
Arms quartered with Lindsay of Craigie. 

From Henry Wallace, Commissioner of Enclosures for 
Northumberland (1550), descended Thomas Wallace of Lambly, 
said to have been slain at the Battle of Worcester, and one of 
whose sons, Thomas, had, by Lady Alice (daughter of Sir 
Thomas Carleton) two sons. 

Albany Wallace, one of these sons, was the father of 
Thomas, who succeeded to the several family estates, and as 
further evidenced by a will proved at Durham in 1678. He 
married Lady Isabella Graham of Breckonhill Castle, Cum- 
berland, and had two sons, one of whom, Thomas Wallace, 
Lord Asholme, was succeeded (July 2nd, 1721) by Thomas, 
a distinguished attorney at that place, and who left issue 
James and John, the latter resident at Sedcop House, Kent. 

James purchased the Manors of Thornhope, Featherstone 
Castle, and Knaresdale, which adjoined the Astholme estates ; 
was Solicitor-General 1777, Attorney-General 1780, and repre- 
sented Horsham, County Sussex, in Parliament. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Simpson, of Carleton Hall, 

His only son, Thomas, of Asholme (born 1768) received 
many public honours, was a member of the Privy Council 
(1801), and on February 2nd, 1828, was created Baron 
Wallace of Knaresd Je. 

Armorial Bearings of this House as originally granted 
to Wallace of Ellerslie, Co. Renfrew, (seventeenth century) : 

Arms : Gules, a lion rampant argent, within a bordure 
compony of the second and azure. 

Crest : Out of a ducal coronet or, an ostriche's head 
and neck ppr., holding a horseshoe in the beak. 

Motto : (Over Crest) " Sperandum est." 
(Under Crest) " Esperance." 

Supporters as borne by the Baron Wallace: 

Dexter a lion per bend dovetailed sinister sable and or, 
murally crowned and charged on the shoulder with a cross 
flory gold; Sinister, an antelope ppr., ducally gorged and 
chained, and charged on the shoulder as the dexter. 

Armorial Bearings of the English House as granted 
to Sir Richard Wallace, M.P., Baronet, of Sudbourne Hall, 
County Suffolk : 

Arms : Gules, on a pile between two ostriches' heads 
erased argent, each holding a horseshoe in the 
beak or, a lion rampant of the field. 

Crest : In front of fern vert an ostriche's head erased 
argent, holding in the beak a horseshoe or 

Motto: "Esperance" (Hope). 

Seats : 

St. Ermins, S,W. Sir Donald Mackenzie Wallace. 
Ardnamona, Lough Eske, Co. Donegal. Sir Arthur Robert 

Newport, Co. Tipperary. Sir Charles Wallace, Baronet. 
St. Ann's Fleet, Hampshire. Sir William Wallace. 
Cloncaird Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire. Hugh Robert Wallace 
Myra Castle, Downpatrick, Co. Down. Col. Robert Hugh 


The Irish House. 

This branch of the family, who were settled in Ireland 
during the latter part of the seventeenth century, bore the 
same arms as those ascribed to the main stem of the great 
Scottish house, with a crest registsred at the Ulster's office 
and technically described as follows : 

"A sword erect, enfiled with a saracen's head aflfrontee ppr." 

Wallace of Scotlana 

Wallace or PWladelpMa 

Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms, has said that the 
great Scottish House of Wallace has been immediately repre- 
sented in America only (Burke's Visitation of Seats and Arms) 
" and traces, by incontestable proofs, their lineage through the 
" Earls of Bothwell and Morton, and through James I. of 
" Scotland, to Robert Bruce, and by another line, through the 
" Earls of Somerset, to the Royal Family of Plantageaet of 
" England." (Burke's Royal Families). 

Lineage : 

Rev. John Wallace, born 1674, buried on the East side 
of Drummelier Parish Church. (Tombstone, now standing, 
reads as follows : 

" Here lythe Reverend Mr. John Wallace, Minister 
"of the Gospel at Drummeizier, who died 3rd June, 1733, 
" aged 59 ; and Christian Murray, his spouse, who died 
" Nov. 21st. 1755, aged 79 years.") 

Issue : 

1. Christian 

2. William, Minister at Drummelier, baptized May 2nd, 1708. 

3. Helen. 

4. Archibald. 

5. Andrew 

6. Agnes 

7. John. 

John, last named (youngest, not eldest son), is supposed 
to have resided near Broughton (Lancashire), sailed for the 
American Colonies (1742-3) and settled at Philadelphia, where 
he subsequently became a Member of the Common Council 
of that City. 

Arms : Gules, a lion rampant argent, within a bordure 

gobonated of the last and azure. 
Crest: A demi lion rampant. 
Motto : " Pro Patria." 

Genealogy of Wallace 
OF Brother's Industry, Maryland. 

Herbert Wallace, of Craigie, Ayrshire, direct descendant of 
Sir Malcolm Wallace (brother to Sir Wm. Wallace), the 
American pioneer of this branch, built his home in the Balti- 
more forests (Baltimore County) and left issue, by his wife 
(Mary Elizabeth Douglas Wallace) five sons and two daughters, 
viz: Herbert, William, Thomas, James, Edward, Mary and 
Nettie. Herbert, William and James were the joint owners 
of a large tract of timber land, which subsequently received 
the designation of " Brothers' Industry." 

William married Eleanor Young, resided at a place called 
Ellerslie, in Maryland, and left issue : 

1. Alexander Wallace, born about 1736, married Frances 

Montague (daughter of Capt. Wm. Montague, of Essex 
County, Virginia), and had issue William and Frances 

2. James Wallace, Physician, of Ellerslie. 

3. Robert Wallace, married Mary Watts, of Washington, 

D.C., where were either resident or born, a son, 
Richard, and two daughters. 

4. John Wallace, of Ellerslie, issue: Harriett, William, 

John and Mary. 

James Wallace (brother of Alexander), married Susannah 
Young, and left issue : 

1. Eleanor Wallace, married Charles Young of Virginia. 

2. John Wallace, of Henry County, Kentucky, issue 

Eleanor, Mary, Elizabeth, and William Wallace. 

Wallace or €ndlana 

(Surroik countp).